STM32 CubeMX “Timer + ADC + DMA”

15 Jan

This is a simple write-up so I don’t have to figure it out again next time. The goal is to setup a periodic timer which starts an ADC measurement on the background using DMA. I’m using a NUCLEO-F303RE development board.

Timer configuration

The STM32F303RE is configured to put 72MHz at TIM4. To generate events at 10Hz, a prescaler of 7200-1 is used with a counter period of 1000-1. After the prescaler, the frequency is 10kHz. The counter reaches 1000 after 0.1 second, after which the value is reloaded. An important setting here is the “Trigger Event Selection TRGO: Update Event”. This will be used to trigger the ADC.

ADC configuration

I have selected 5 channels (IN3 – IN7) on ADC2 which should all be measured in one go.

In the ADC configuration, I use 12-bit resolution. DMA Continuous Requests is enabled, because otherwise it will only measure on the first trigger from the timer. The number of conversions is set to 5, because I am measuring 5 channels. Each channels is configured individually in the ‘Rank’-dropdown.

The External Trigger Conversion Source is set to “Timer 4 Trigger Out Event”, which corresponds to the previously mentioned timer configuration. This way, the ADC will be started every 0.1 seconds.

To do this using DMA, the DMA is configured as follows. Data Width is chosen Half Word (16-bits), since the ADC is configured at 12-bit. Mode Circular is enabled because otherwise only one measurement will be done. Values of the previous measurement are overwritten.

Code

After generating the code with CubeMX, the following lines are important. First of all, a buffer for DMA:

/* USER CODE BEGIN 0 */
volatile uint16_t adc_buffer[5] = {0};

Just before the main loop, start the timer and DMA:

/* USER CODE BEGIN 2 */
HAL_ADC_Start_DMA(&hadc2, (uint32_t*)&adc_buffer, 5);
HAL_TIM_Base_Start_IT(&htim4);

Somewhere down in main.c, add the interrupt function for a completed ADC conversion:

/* USER CODE BEGIN 4 */
void HAL_ADC_ConvCpltCallback(ADC_HandleTypeDef* hadc){
  /* This is called after the conversion is completed */
}

The complete code is available on GitHub.

5 Replies to “STM32 CubeMX “Timer + ADC + DMA”

  1. Hi Bart,

    Some comments:

    1. If you are not handling the ADC triggering timer interrupt, starting it with HAL_TIM_Base_Start will be more proper.

    2. As a sharing from my personal mistake, and maybe good to share with future reader, that the init seq of TIM and DMA must be in the right order, that DMA first and TIM follows, else the callback sequence of the DMA written buffer will be wrong.

    Cheers

  2. Thanks for sharing this, i found it very helpful.

    One question, where the “Channel 4” comes from at the timer settings? Any reason could we use any other channel?

    I did not manage to trigger my ADC1 with Timer 1 Capture Compare 1 event – wasn’t patient enough to try change my settings from:
    TIM1: Channel1: “Output compare No output”
    Mode: “Toggle on match”
    Trigger event selection: “Update Event”

    Iff anybody knows the cure please share.

  3. Hi,

    In your first line you say “The STM32F303RE is configured to put 72MHz at TIM4”. Is this just a default frequecy because of of the CPU?
    I want to implement ADC+TIM+DMA on a STM32F334R8, but I’m not sure whether the timers are configured to 72 MHz (also the frep of my CPU) or if may be some different value?

  4. Since using the output-compare of the timer, why isn’t HAL_TIM_OC_Start used instead of HAL_TIM_Base_Start ?

    The clock configuration allows you to set APB1 Timer Clock, and APB2 Timer Clock, and ADC Clock.. what should the ADC clock speed be? Which is APB is used for your Timer4?

    Because timer 4 starts a 5 channel SCAN conversion, does that mean that adc channel 1 and channel 5 won’t have been sampled at the same time?

    Finally my version of Stm32 cube shows an additional option for the adc:
    Conversion Data Management : DMA One shot, or DMA Circular.
    Since the timer triggers a dma transfer from adc to memory.. what’s the difference in behavior between dma one shot and dma circlar?

  5. Thanks, you code helped me figure out my issue.
    In my case,
    hadc2.Init.ContinuousConvMode = DISABLE;
    this is the key. If it is enabled, ADC will keep running as its maximal speed rather then 10KHz.

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